AMS Semiconductor Tutorials
We provide tutorials to help our customers better understand semiconductors and other electronic devices. Whether you have a question regarding a particular component, or simply want to know more about semiconductors, browse through our tutorial section for help. If you are still stuck, give us a call at (973) 377-9566 and we'll be happy to recommend a device for your application.
Varactor diode Tutorial
The varactor diode symbol is shown below with a diagram representation.
When a reverse voltage is applid to a PN junction , the holes in the p-region are attracted to the anode terminal and electrons in the n-region are attracted to the cathode terminal creating a region where there is little current.This region ,the depletion region, is essentially devoid of carriers and behaves as the dielectric of a capacitor.
The depletion region increases as reverse voltage across it increases; and since capacitance varies inversely as dielectic thickness, the junction capacitance will decrease as the voltage across the PN junction increases. So by varying the reverse voltage across a PN junction the junction capacitance can be varied .This is shown in the typical varactor voltage-capacitance curve below.
Notice the nonlinear increase in capacitance as the reverse voltage is decreased. This nonlinearity allows the varactor to be used also as a harmonic generator.
Major varactor considerations are:
(a) Capacitance value
(c) Variation in capacitance with voltage.
(d) Maximum working voltage
(e) Leakage current